Grace Annie Lockhart became the first woman in the British Empire to earn a university degree when she graduated from Mount Allison College in May 1875.
This highly significant event is commemorated by a historical marker placed by the Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada, and an information board placed by the university in 1993, located outside the main door of the University chapel , York Street, Sackville, N.B., on the campus of Mount Allison University, Sackville, N.B.
Grace Annie Lockhart was the first woman to earn a university degree in the British Empire. Founded exclusively for the education of men, universities in the 19th century gradually began to open their doors to women. Mount Allison College became co-educational in 1872. This change built on the pioneering commitment to female education of the associated Mount Allison Ladies' Academy and of denominational schools in the United States. Lockhart, a student at the Ladies Academy, took courses at the college, formally enrolled in 1874 and graduated with a degree of Bachelor of Science and English Literature on 25th May, 1875.
Grace Annie Lockhart fut la première femme de l'Empire britannique à recevoir un diplôme universitaire. Réservées aux hommes, les universités du XIXe siècle ouvrirent peu à peu leurs portes aux femmes. Le college Mount Allison devint mixte en 1872 dans la foulée de l'engagement novateur à instruire les femmes, pris par la Mount Allison Ladies' Academy, qui lui était affiliée, et par les écoles confessionelles des États-Unis. Étudiante à la Ladies' Academy, Grace Annie Lockhart suivit des cours au collège, s'y inscrivit officiellement en 1874 et obtint un baccalauréat en sciences et en littérature anglaise le 25 mai 1875.
| Photograph of Grace Annie Lockhart reproduced courtesy of Mount Allison University Archives |
On the admission of women as regular students, and the graduation of Grace Annie Lockhart, see Reid, John G., Mount Allison University: A History to 1963, Vol. I: 1843-1914,(Toronto: University of Toronto, 1984), pp. 118-121.
Mawhinney, David, Grace Annie Lockhart - a Mount Allison and Canadian heroine , Mount Allison University.
Article Grace Annie Lockhart in The Canadian Encyclopedia which includes photo of the class of 1875.
Article Grace Annie Lockhart in Section 15.ca.
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